Types of Gum Disease
Drs. Lan Vo and Sean Breckley are two dentists who provide patients in the area with the care and attention needed to achieve a healthy smile and maintain it for life. When patients do not take good care of their smile and have poor oral health habits, they may be at a higher risk for gum disease. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, doesn’t necessarily come in different “types” but rather many stages which need to be addressed appropriately.
The first stage of gum disease is that of gingivitis. At this point, gum disease is reversible. This mild form of gum disease is often noticed by red, swollen, and inflamed gums which may bleed when patients brush and floss their teeth. This condition is easily reversible with the attention of a quality dental professional. A deep cleaning may be necessary, antibiotics may be administered, and patients are educated on how to perform proper oral health care habits at home to see dramatic improvement in the health and wellness of their smile.
When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance into a later stage known as periodontitis. This is when plaque, tartar, bacteria, and toxins begin to irritate the gums and spread below the gum line. This results in inflammation which begins to break down the bone and tissues which support the teeth within the smile and hold them firmly in place. The gum separates and creates pockets where bacteria can become trapped and eat away at the tissues, bone, and teeth. Over time, patients may begin to notice teeth that are becoming loose. This is a serious indication that assistance is needed to treat the condition. There are several forms of periodontitis including chronic periodontitis and aggressive, severe periodontitis.
Some patients may be at a higher risk for periodontal disease, including those who have diabetes, smoke, and have high stress or hormonal fluctuations. Certain medications may also increase one’s chance of developing periodontal disease. This is why the team of 32 Dental recommends patients visit their dentist regularly for cleanings and examinations to catch periodontal disease early enough to intervene and reverse it for better dental health.